The Florentine clerk of hard stones and the Scagliola

A separate chapter can be dedicated to the techniques of the Commesso Fiorentino of semiprecious stones and the Scagliola. Both of these ancient trades share the same complexity of execution and represent the pride of Baldi production. The highest value to be reached.

The Commesso Firoentino was born at the end of the 17th Century, as need of the Medici Family to transform the art of the Mosaico Russo (or Florentine) into something even more evolved and refined, which shoul be as similar as possible to a form of “painting”. The Baldi master craftsmen still follow this tradition, by creating decorations in semiprecious stones of different colors, cut and shaped by hand by the craftsmen themselves. The stone of different shades is applied according to the design chosen by the “Baldi addicted” customers on mosaic surfaces of lapis lazuli, amethyst, malachite or rock crystal.

Scagliola is, instead, a particular technique of inlaying that uses both “simple” materials such as Selenite powder, (colored pigments and natural glues mixed together), and a variety of gypsum called Selenite or Scagliola, that can be found in nature in the form or flakes or thin slices. The physical qualities of this stone, such as shine, transparency and pearly whiteness, have given rise over time to current and curious definitions such as: gypsum crystal, donkey mirror, specular stone, glass of oil, moonstone. The use of this material, known since ancient times and used as a building material and decoration, became a true artistic expression in the 17th Century. It began to be used to imitate the marble veins and the inlays with remarkable perfection.

Both these techniques are considered as a pride for the Brand, the only factory able to relive in the present priceless works of art, daughters of the geniuses of the Renaissance and of the enlightened minds of the Florentine landscape of the past centuries.

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